Calibration and Standardisation Of High Precision Foreign Object Debris Detection Radar Sensor For Airport Runway Safety and Surveillance
Abstract: Foreign object debris (FOD) on airport runways can cause problems (e.g., runway closure, accidents) to airplanes and airport operators if not removed immediately. Hence, airport operators need to remove any FODs that are detected via a manual or automated FOD detection system. Manual detection implies that airport operators carry out periodical manual inspection while automated FOD detection is able to perform rapid detection continuously without any airport personnel on-site. Automated detection system also avoids unnecessary runway closure due to manual inspection, which is inefficient for busy airport operation. Millimeter-wave radar sensor proof to be an efficient method on detecting small FOD automatically, due to its high-sensitivity, high-range resolution and weather robustness. In this talk, successful collaborative Malaysia and Japan research project on Foreign Object Debris Detection System (FODDS) field trial at Kuala Lumpur International Airport will be presented. The system currently under field trial in accordance to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Aerodrome Design and Operation. The field trial and operation of FODDS was established in collaboration with National Institute of Information and Communication (NICT), Japan, Hitachi Kokusai Electric Inc (HiKE), Japan and Malaysia Airport (Sepang) Sdn Bhd, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad (MAHB) supported by Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication Japan. Through more than three year field trial at KLIA, the system demonstrated highly accurate and fast, the system is able to detect 3cm FOD within the range of 500 meters in 10 seconds by using the millimeter wave radar sensor. The FOD detection systems is able to spot FOD the moment it is deposited on the runway by radar sensing, identifying, and locating at a previously unprecedented level of speed and accuracy for objects as small as an aircraft rivet. This is extremely valuable when aircraft take-offs are only minutes apart. Finally improved airport management by not only increases efficiency, enhances safety and improves security, but also saves airports and airlines operational cost. This FODDS will be a promising candidate to enhance security against intruders or attack drones in important facilities and to enhance safety to avoid critical incident in the airport runways.